Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease (HFMD) is a viral infection that is caused by a group of enteroviruses, most commonly Coxsackie virus.
HFMD can affect both adults and children. However, children, especially those that are younger than 5 years old, are more susceptible to HFMD.
HFMD can be transmitted from person to person by direct contact with the nasal discharge, saliva, faeces, and fluids from the rash of an infected person.
The incubation period of HFMD is usually 2 to 5 days, with a range of 2 days to 2 weeks in some cases. After which, symptoms, such as fever, sore throat, mouth ulcers, rash, poor appetite and lethargy, will start to appear. However, these symptoms may differ between individuals.
Today, there is treatment for relief of symptoms of HFMD, but still no specific treatment and vaccine available.
Good personal and environmental hygiene is important to minimise the chances of being infected with HFMD.